Cardinal Justin Rigali

Cardinal Justin Rigali, who departed for Rome Feb. 26 to be present for the official retirement of Pope Benedict XVI and to participate in the conclave that will elect his successor, never expected he would have this duty.

At age 77 and almost 78, he is eldest among the American cardinals eligible to be electors.

“I wasn’t planning on it at all,” he said in a telephone interview from Knoxville, Tenn., where he is living in retirement. “It is a great honor and a great privilege and occasioned, as we know, by the pope’s action.

“It is part of God’s plan, and we know that whereas the cardinals are the only ones who vote, they are sustained by the people of God throughout the world; not only Catholics but people of good will who recognize the importance of the papacy.”

Cardinal Rigali left Knoxville for a planned pilgrimage to the Holy Land on Feb. 11, the day Pope Benedict announced his Feb. 28 retirement. The pilgrimage, he said, “gave us the opportunity to pray for the pope and also to pray for the College of Cardinals in many holy places.”

Pope Benedict, he said, “was a great teacher, a great preacher of the Gospel to the Church, a wonderful father and leader of the Church.”

But now it is time to elect his successor, and Cardinal Rigali has insights into the process because he was one of the electors at the 2005 conclave that elected Pope Benedict.


“The gathering in the Sistine Chapel is itself a gathering to vote; the vote is preceded and ends with prayer,” he explained.

In the meantime, outside of the formal sessions in the Sistine Chapel, the cardinals are together a good amount of time in informal sessions and have ample opportunity to exchange ideas either individually or in groups. It is prayer and reflection and further prayer.

“This is done not only between sessions but there will be ample opportunity before the conclave begins” Cardinal Rigali said. “I suspect most of the cardinals will be in Rome by the 28th to see the pope, and they will certainly be praying, reflecting and meeting among themselves.”

As Cardinal Rigali left for Rome, the date of the conclave had not yet been set, but whenever it begins it will most certainly last for more than one day.

“Before you vote you have to take an oath that you are voting for the person you truly think would be the best person to become pope,” he explained. “In the initial vote many times different names come up.”

In later votes, cardinals might have to change their vote to “the person who under the particular circumstances at the particular moment would be best qualified to be pope,” he said. “We are talking about the office of Peter, we are talking about the Petrine ministry, about the chief teacher of the Church; the one who above all proclaims the Gospel of Jesus Christ. We are talking about continuity.”

Calling attention to the popes of the more recent past in the 2,000-year history of the Church – Pope Benedict XVI, Pope John Paul II, Pope John Paul I, Pope Paul VI, Pope John XXIII and Pope Pius XII – Cardinal Rigali said, “We were blessed with people who were needed at that particular moment. When there was a need the Lord fulfilled it. It was the action of the Holy Spirit that inspired the cardinals in the long run to choose, so we have no question that the Lord will be with us.

“It is very awesome, but we do believe the people of God are praying. The Lord promised to be with His Church.”


Lou Baldwin is a freelance writer and a member of St. Leo Parish, Philadelphia.