VATICAN CITY (CNS) — After giving a morning Mass homily on the virtue of poverty, Pope Francis held a private meeting Oct. 21 with a German bishop under fire for a massive building project that critics have denounced as extravagant.

The Vatican press office announced the pope’s meeting with Bishop Franz-Peter Tebartz-van Elst of Limburg, but would not comment on details of their discussion.

Pope Francis made no mention of the bishop at Mass that morning, but he focused his homily on how money can destroy families and relationships. Material goods must be used to benefit others or they risk becoming idols and the object of conflict, he said.


The German program of Vatican Radio said it was unlikely Pope Francis would order any changes in the diocese before the completion of an audit commissioned by the German bishops’ conference, unless Bishop Tebartz-van Elst “offers his resignation.”

Archbishop Robert Zollitsch, the bishops’ conference president and recently retired archbishop of Freiburg, met with Pope Francis Oct. 17 and later told reporters he had discussed the Limburg situation with the pope.

The archbishop said he left the meeting feeling “strengthened and encouraged,” but he refused to give more details because he said the meeting was confidential.

“All sides are interested in a good and speedy solution in order to bring tranquility back to the Diocese of Limburg and to find a way out of this difficult situation,” the archbishop said.

Bishop Tebartz-van Elst, who arrived in Rome Oct. 13, has been a target of protests for allegedly spending close to $40 million in renovations and new construction on his residence and diocesan offices, and for allegedly making false statements in court.

Archbishop Zollitsch told reporters Oct. 14 that he expected the bishop to do some serious “self-examination.”

“It is not my place to judge the bishop of Limburg, but I am convinced he will undergo the necessary self-examination in the light of this situation,” said Archbishop Zollitsch, who was in Rome for the plenary meeting of the Pontifical Council for Promoting New Evangelization and for a regularly scheduled meeting with the pope as head of the bishops’ conference.

Archbishop Zollitsch had said it was obvious that the situation in Limburg would be one of the topics of his meeting with the pope.

“I take the situation in Limburg very seriously,” Archbishop Zollitsch told reporters Oct. 14.

Bishop Tebartz-van Elst has been accused of living extravagantly while cutting diocesan programs, and critics have suggested that the renovation and construction project may have been funded in an improper way.

The investigating commission, Archbishop Zollitsch said, includes experts in canon law, finance and construction. The members were asked to “clarify the costs” of the project, “how it was financed” and “how decisions were made to finance it.” Canon requires such large expenditures to be approved by a diocesan finance council or the Vatican.

Regarding a separate allegation involving alleged luxury, a state prosecutor in Hamburg issued an indictment against Bishop Tebartz-van Elst Oct. 10, claiming he had given false testimony in court. The bishop had sued the magazine Der Spiegel for an article alleging he had flown first class on a trip to India for charity work.

The German media, which often refer to Bishop Tebartz-van Elst as the “luxury bishop,” have been following him closely and frequently mention Pope Francis’ simple lifestyle as a contrast.

In early September, Cardinal Marc Ouellet, prefect of the Congregation for Bishops, sent retired Cardinal Giovanni Lajolo to visit the diocese to promote peace between the bishop and some of the diocese’s priests. In the end, the bishop agreed to publish figures about the construction project and to cooperate with the bishops’ conference commission.